Five Year Strategic Plan (2011-2015)
FIVE YEAR STRATEGIC PLAN
Five-Year Program Strategy
(January 2011 – December 2015)
Executive Summary. 4
I. Background. 5
II. Organization Management 7
III. CIYA Working Structures. 8
1. Board of Director 8
2. Members. 8
3. Technical Advisor 8
4. President 9
5. The operation unit 9
a. Admin and Finance Unit 9
b. Program Unit 10
IV. Summary Annual Budge. 11
V. Donors and Fund. 11
VI. Program Strategies Description. 13
1. Develop a strong network of Indigenous Youths 13
2. Help to support indigenous youths both women and men with 14
3. Improve indigenous children’s access to education, . 15
4. Offer support to the indigenous communities dealing with 16
5. Advocate for the recognition of indigenous people. 18
VII. Program Monitoring. 19
VIII. Working relationship. 19
IX. Capacity Building Effort 20
X. Participants. 20
XI. Gender mainstreaming: 21
XII. Sustainability. 21
XIII. Sharing success. 22
XIV. Annex of Logical Framework. 23
AIPP Asian Indigenous People Pact
AK Anakot Koma ( Future of Children)
APIYN Asia Pacific Indigenous Youth Network
BCV Building Community Voice
CLEC Community Legal Education Centre
CIYA Cambodian Indigenous Youth Association
EHE Environment and Health Education
EWMI East-West Management Institute
GIYA Global Indigenous Youth Alliance
HA Highlander Association
HBF Heinrich Böll Foundation
HYP Highlander Youth Project
ICSO Indigenous Community Support Organization
ILO International Labor Organization
IP Indigenous People
IPEF Indigenous People Education Fund
IPNN Indigenous People NGOs Network
IRAM Indigenous Right Active Members
MDG Millennium Development Goal
MVI My Village
NGO Non Governmental Organization
NPA Norwegian People’s Aid
OPKC Organization to Promote Kouy Culture
SADP Southeast Asia Development Program
VFC Village Focus Cambodia
UNDP United Nation Development Program
UNDRIP United Nation Declaration on Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Born in 2005, CIYA is an association of the IP youths in the whole country of Cambodia and is the first national IP organization. After five years of its operation, CIYA becomes much stronger and is now playing important roles in the civil society among the organizations working with IP. Compared to the commence of the association, whom the members were only 9 people, CIYA now has more two hundred members and is working in 8 provinces where there are many indigenous people and 32 indigenous communities. With its vision to get indigenous people with strong, prosperous, and able to protect their natural resources, traditions, cultures, and rights, CIYA has two missions which are inter-cooperative. The first mission is to build up the quality of the IP youth through education and careers, and the second mission is to use these IP youth resource to address the issue of the IP communities, and especially the issues of lands and natural resources, and IP identity preservation.
The program strategy of five year (2011-2015) was first draft in late 2008, and revised in 2010, now is finalized and approved from CIYA board for their operation. In this five year plan, and under the fix mission, CIYA has five main objectives which are to develop youth networks, support IP youths to graduate university and to earn working experiences, support the education of the IP youths in communities, build up the capacity of IP community to address their issues of lands and natural resources, and to preserve the IP identities. Given to the activity implementation, CIYA cooperate with national and international partner organizations, and will give a special focus on gender perspective mainstreaming. The program strategy implementation will start soon in January. In this strategy, there are indication of organization management, working structure, summary budget, donor and fund, program strategy description, monitoring tools, working relationship, capacity building effort, participants, gender perspective mainstreaming, sustainability, and sharing success.
CIYA has its own structure including operation unit, members, board of directors, partners, and donors. The operation unit is the secretariat of the association which is playing very important role to run this program strategy rather than just to provide support to the members. The operation unity is managed and responsible by a management team that includes the elected president. CIYA has two kinds of members – active members and secondary members who are all staying in different places in the country and have different skills in taking part to carry out this plan. The board of director is the top leadership of CIYA and to be the responsible and accountable of CIYA to the partners and donors. So far CIYA has been financially supported by HBF for core function and from many other organizations in particular project implementation including UNDP, Oxfam America, AIPP, ect. To the next two coming years, HBF and McKnight already committed about 50,000USD per year, and other partner organization are in the process of the negotiation. However the total budget per year of this program is about 135 thousands, so the fund raising is an important effort that CIYA needs to do in order to complete the lack budget of about 85 thousands.
The indigenous people in Cambodia are living in the remote areas and highlands of Cambodia, especially in the Northeast of Cambodia, including Ratanakiri, Mondulkiri, Kratie, and Preh Vihear, and in the southwest along the cardamom mountains. These provinces are located far from Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia. The infrastructures in these locations are very poor, but they are rich in natural resources. Migration and economical development in other parts of Cambodia have all most negatively impacted the Indigenous Peoples security of land and natural resource use management, such as illegal logging, non-participatory concession, and land encroachment. Furthermore, these provinces are poor in accessing information and other public services like education and health, which (limits Indigenous People’s capacity to manage internal and external problems they are experiencing concerning these issues).
The education for indigenous people is very poor in general (Indigenous Peoples ability to access education at all levels is extremely low). However, with the support of humanity program(s) and individual sponsors some indigenous youths have been able to retrieve funding to study in Phnom Penh. Apart from their study, they have been actively involved with additional supportive organizations (e.g UNDP, EWMI, ILO, CLEC and NGO Forum) in their program implementation as volunteers. Some members working in organizations related to indigenous issues and the youths themselves came together and initiated the organization of indigenous youths as an association, so that they will be able to build their capacity as well become more fully involved with indigenous development programs.
CIYA was established by a group of Cambodian Indigenous Students in Phnom Penh in 2005 and was officially recognized by the Royal Government of Cambodia in 2008 with support from HBF. It is the first organization established for indigenous youth and the third indigenous organization established in Cambodia. The original purpose of the development of CIYA was to mobilize indigenous youth as a strong group in which the members could help support each other by acting as a social network in the city, as well as to build their capacity towards working as indigenous community development workers in the future. As the number of indigenous students in Phnom Penh increase, the members of CIYA also increase which also expands out to the provinces, particularly in North and Northeast Cambodia. CIYA has more than 100 members, approximately 30 of which are involved in all CIYA activities and the remainders are based and work in the provincial areas.
From 2009, with the support of the Heinrich Böll Foundation (HBF), CIYA was granted an office work area and a strong operation unit to support to the association programs and its members. International and national consultants have been recruited to help this new organization develop its own strategies with full participation from its members and partner organization, such as the NGO Forum, CLEC, UNDP, ILO, ICSO, MVI, VFC, etc. In 2010, HBF has provided a small grant to support the core fund of the organization as well as some field activities such as, providing awareness raising on legislatives related to indigenous community people livelihood including land and forestry laws to the community people in their village through the community dialogue, conduct surveys to gather statistics of the indigenous youths, especially the youths at schools, documentation of the custom and traditions of the indigenous people. HBF has also provided support to build the capacity of the operation unit of the association including organization of the full assembly, build up the management system of staff, administration and finance.
CIYA’s strategy plan has a strong focus on helping to improve indigenous youth’s access to education and abilities to gain further professional experience, whilst still upholding the importance of their custom and traditions. This includes schemes such as seeking university scholarship opportunities for CIYA members as well as internship placements at other non-governmental organizations, helping to increase the level of participation and completion of primary and secondary school by indigenous youths in the provinces, advocate indigenous people’s rights to be fully recognized by the government and their policies , help indigenous people maintain their identities , native language, culture, beliefs and custom which will collectively contribute towards helping to improve their livelihoods . CIYA currently is seeking more funds to fulfill its objectives from interested donors as well as other development partner organizations.
Indigenous people are strong, prosperous, and able to protect their natural resources, traditions, cultures, and rights. Developing the capacity of indigenous youths, who are the key human resources and future of the indigenous people, will help contribute towards sustaining their traditional livelihoods
- Consolidate all indigenous youths of both sexes studying in Phnom Penh and other provinces towards building a strong network. This will help strengthen their solidarity and allow them to build strong capacities, empowering them as the future generation of the indigenous communities they represent.
- Helping indigenous communities in ensuring the protection and security of their land and natural resources; improving their access to healthcare, the maintenance of their livelihoods, particularly their identities such as custom, tradition, beliefs and languages. The following objectives will help to focus on obtaining the Mission, as stated above:
1) Develop a strong network of Indigenous Youths throughout Phnom Penh and the Provincial areas, to help enable them to support each other, build their capacities and work collectively in their communities
2) Help to support indigenous youths both women and men with acquiring higher education as well as gaining useful, practical experience with partner organizations through internship placements
3) Improve indigenous children’s access to education, boys and girls alike, and develop the standard of teaching facilities in the communities in the provinces.
4) Offer support to the indigenous communities dealing with challenges over land ownership and the management of natural resources used to sustain their livelihoods. Assistance provided will be based on the concerns voiced between the indigenous peoples during facilitated discussions where the participation of both genders will be promoted, in order to encourage community empowerment and solidarity.
5) Advocate for the recognition of indigenous people’s rights and the significance of their culture, through increasing public awareness and campaigning for further legislative support.
II. Organization Management
CIYA is facilitated by its operation unit and managed by its by-law, which is upheld by the board of directors, composed of five people. The operation unit which runs the association is run by the management team which includes the President, Program Manager, and Program Advisor, Financial and Administrative manager. A policy and internal regulation under the provision of the by-law was developed and approved by the board of directors, in order to provide guidance for the operation unit and facilitation of the association members. In the association policy, the frameworks of the financial issues were determined in order to provide transparency to the staff, members, partners, and donors.
III. CIYA Working Structures
1. Board of Director
Following the article 10 of the CIYA-by law, the board of director is chosen by the members to ensure the sustainability, transparency, and accountability of the association with volunteer role to monitor the tasks of the president and the operation unit. Another important role of the board of director in this program strategy is that they are accountable to the donors with the president. In most of the practical ways, CIYA board of director also regularly checks and approves the work plan, budget plan, activity reports, and financial report. In this particular program paper, the board of director has worked on it carefully and approved for the implementation. By the way, the operation unit might consult with the board of director for the guidance of the implementation and seeking for more funds. The board of director is composed of five members as the following:
- Ms. Mane Yun, Chair Person (ILO)
- Dr. Yim Chhung, Deputy Chair person (Ministry of Rural Development)
- Ms. Seng Maly, Member (CLEC)
- Dr. Meas Nee, (VFC)
- Mr. Daniel Lanctot (Indipendent)
CIYA has two kinds of members –active members and secondary members who are based throughout Cambodia. In total, CIYA now has 45 active members and other more than 200 secondary members. The active members are mostly the indigenous youths who are living, working and/or studying in Phnom Penh, and the secondary members are mostly living in the provinces or in communities.
The active members are the actors of CIYA who provide implement the objectives in the field. This is to gain both – capacity building for the member themselves as well as the outputs. Most secondary members are located in provinces and act as the network of CIYA in those areas. They too are able to sometimes take part in implementing activities with the association.
The operation unit is building capacity of the members for their own career as well as to work for their communities in accordance to its possible work plan. As they are all from villages, the basic methodology of CIYA in providing service to support the indigenous people is very much easy that they will be staying for a few weeks in those communities for working via the community dialogue or interaction.
3. Technical Advisor
Since all of CIYA staffs are young and have limited capacity and experience in managing the association as well as to carry out the association mission, a board of technical advisor is needed. In article 12 of CIYA by law, most of the technical advisors are working with the voluntarily base like the board of director as well. However, in some circumstance with the approval from the board of director, any advisor could be hired as part-time or full time consultant to assist CIYA in managing its association including fund raising, capacity building, and activities implementation. At the moment, Mr. Yin Sopheap, one of the technical advisor boards, has been hired as program advisor to build up the capacity of CIYA staff and members and to assist the CIYA president to implement this program strategy. He uses to work with the indigenous people issues and youths for more than ten years, and also used to assist in the establishment of this association. He has both experiences in managing programs, strengthening the capacity of young organizations, and knowledge of indigenous people.
In article 11 of the by-law, CIYA president is elected by all the members in the general assembly every two years and can work for a maximum of 4 years. The president not only the representative of all the members, but also is the chief of the operation unit. As a chief of the operation unit, he is to ensure the implementation of this program strategy with quality, accountability, and transparency. He has roles in supervision of all staff in the operation unit. He therefore is also accountable to the donor with the board of director. However, he is under the supervision of board of directors, and in important cases, he could not make decision alone unless the active members agree. At the moment Mr. Pheap Sochea, who was elected in the congress 2010, is the president of CIYA. He is a strong commitment person, fast learner, and has strong leadership. Holding a rural development bachelor degree, he used to work for some organizations and recently with SADP.
5. The operation unit
In article 13 of the by-law, the operation unit is the secretariat of the association who facilitate meetings and the involvement of all CIYA members. The operation unit is managed by the president, assisted by advisors, and run by its own staff with support or assistance from the active members. The operation unit works for both supporting and facilitating the members as well as to run the programs. The staffs of the operation unit are all paid in accordance with their quality and experiences. To promote and build the capacity and ownership of the indigenous people, all the recruited staffs are indigenous persons. The operation unit must locate in Phnom Penh as the office of the whole association, and might have branches in the provinces in the future. With the needs of the association, the operation unity has recruited 9 personnel as the following.
1.Mr. Pheap Sochea President of the Association
2.Mr. Chhoem Samut Program Manager
4.Ms. Sao Sokha Admin and Finance Officer
5.Mr. Lao Sotha Admin and Finance Assistant (intern)
6.Mr. Phai SoVanna CS & YN Programme Assistant
7.Ms. Sean Sokny volunteer
8.Mr. Khang Soeung CC Programme Officer (Intern)
9.Mr. Yun Lorang ES Programme Officer (Intern)
At the time being, since HBF has provided office space with other facility, the operation unit does not need the guard. All the staff has strong commitment to share in cleaning the office by them selves, thus the cleaner is not needed, too.
a. Admin and Finance Unit
In article 15, the admin and finance is one of the operation unit which is to assist the association in managing the resources of the association with transparency and accountability. It is an advantage that CIYA now has its own operation manual that includes financial, human resources, and administrative policies, so the operation unit has enough guidance for the implementation. This operation manual is eventually developed by the good practices of CIYA since its official establishment in 2008, but also with the reflection to the other local NGO such as HA, CLEC, BCV, ICSO, NGO Forum, etc. In 2010, to build the capacity of this unit two different short term consultant were hired revise the manual as well as to strengthen the practices of this unit staff. Now, with the two year experiences and practical manual, the unit is expected to professionally work with its independent capacity. The operation unit now is led by a woman staff Ms. Sao Sokha and assisted by an assistant Mr. Lao Sotha. Ms. Sao Sokha, holding bachelor degree of finance and accounting, spent her internship with UNDP, SADP, and works with CIYA for last two years, so she is now very much confident and has enough capacity to run this unit very well. Her assistant Lao Sotha also holds a bachelor degree of banking which is a related skill that could assist this unity to function very well.
In the future, when the demands of the programs and members expanded, there will be two different components – administration and finance.
b. Program Unit
The program unit is to run CIYA programs up on the strategy plan and guidance of president and board of director. The program manager manages and runs the program with the supervision of president. Mr. Chhoem Samut, holds a bachelor degree on literature, and has two years experiences in working with CIYA, is the program manager to oversee the whole program of CIYA. The program unit composed of three important components as the following:
- Education Support Component: This component is to fulfill the first mission of CIYA which is to push the education quality and level of the indigenous peoples. It is run by a program officer with assistance from other program assistants. At the moment the program officer is vacant due to the lack of the resources of CIYA, however, a program assistant is assigned to mange this component. The specific role of this component is to seek scholarship supports as well as other cooperation from Ministry of Education, Youths, and Sport, and other state and private university. It is also to run other program activities in raising funds from contributors such as individual and organization charity. Another important role of this component is also to strengthen the capacity of the CIYA staff and members.
- Community Support & Youth Networking Component: In the presence, this component is playing the most important role and is the biggest component of CIYA according to the needs of the indigenous communities and commitment of CIYA members. It is to carry out the second mandate of CIYA which is mostly related to address the issues of the indigenous people in the communities. This component also managed by a program officer and assisted by two program assistants and other active members, but in the time being the program assistant is in charge of this component while he is going to be promoted soon next year.
- Communication Component: This component is also playing very important role to support CIYA because they will produce and disseminate news related to CIYA and indigenous peoples to its members, community, and other relevant stakeholders. Basically, this component is going to produce newsletter, update website and communicate with media in relevant events and tasks. Since it is the smallest component, it is run by only a program assistant, who will become program officer later, and joined by several active members. It is to provide support to the other component as well in order to keep them aware and update of all relevant information related to the association and the outside world.
IV. Summary Annual Budget
|Salary and Office Expenses|
|Salaries (Partial salary)||$ 17,400.00|
|Staff and member capacity building||$ 4,600.00|
|Office space rental||Provided by HBF|
|Utilities||Provided by HBF|
|Stationery, kitchen supply, printing, photocopy and sundry||$ 3,600.00|
|Meeting staff and board||$ 980.00|
|Networkind and Representation||$ 300.00|
|Equipment and other assets||$ 4,000.00|
|Courier and postage||$ 200.00|
|Internet||Provided by HBF|
|Local transportation cost, travel, fuel, vehicle parking and maintenance||$ 600.00|
|Bank charges||$ 120.00|
|Financial audit||$ 1,500.00|
|Equipment maintenance||$ 600.00|
|Staff salary||$ 21,000.00|
|CIYA member informatic network group||$ 120.00|
|Courier and postage||$ 2,080.00|
|Still (photo) camera and listening radio||$ 5,280.00|
|Perdiem, accommodation and transportation for staff||$ 25,008.00|
|Snack, consodarity meal, perdiem, accounting and transportation for participants||$ 18,220.00|
|Stationery, materials and publications||$ 15,360.00|
|Telephone communications||$ 4,280.00|
|Shared cost for school construction||$ 3,200.00|
|Honorarium for expert||$ 500.00|
|Grand Total||$ 134,948.00|
V. Donors and Fund
CIYA has two kinds of funds support – from development partners/donors and charity. The existing donors are HBF and McKnight Foundation with the total budget of about 50,000 per year and with the commitment until 2012. CIYA also is looking for funds support from Oxfam America, NPA, AIPP, Tebtebba, IWGIA and other development partners inside and outside the country. The charity is expected to collect from the individual members, contributors, and other income generation skim. CIYA might conduct campaign for raising fund with their fund raising program such as performance etc.
Core funds are required to run the operation unit, which are needed for costs such as office rental, operation staff costs, asset depreciation, as well as other administrative cost. A budget is also devised to provide official training to the staff, so that they are able to carry out their duties independently, using initiative, all to a high standard. Core, secure funds from donors are key in order to help strengthen the capacity of this unit. However, we also can charge some budget as overhead from the project activities to use for this operation unit cost as well. After its policy, CIYA can charge from 15% to 30% of the total activities budget to support the operation unit.
VI. Program Strategies Description
The program strategy of the five year includes five objectives which is focus on five different issues. In each objective, some activities are developed in order to achieve the objective. The following are the narrative of each objective, but these activities are also put in a matrix of logical framework in the annex.
1. Develop a strong network of Indigenous Youths throughout Phnom Penh and the Provincial areas, to help enable them to support each other, build their capacities and work collectively in their communities
To achieve this objective, we expect to achieve five important outputs that includes strong operation unit existed, all information and knowledge are shared among CIYA members, special events for all members meeting organized and conducted, youth networked are established and strengthened, program activities and gender mainstreaming monitored and followed up. In each output, some main activities need to be conducted to contribute to the achievement of those outputs.
With regard to implementation of its program, developing the capacity CIYA’s operation unit is a priority. Without this operation unit the association could not function, as it is the main mechanism that facilitates the movements and communication among the members. In order to ensure the operation unit functions to its highest capacity, a local consultant is recruited to help provide training and back stop. As CIYA was recently developed, with young members still acquiring experience, gaining knowledge and insights into organization management and program development from a professional consultant contributed to the youth member’s capacity building abilities. On-the-job training is provided as well as workshops on effective fundraising.
To share all the knowledge and information among the youth members, two-way communication is organized among the youth networks. The community youth network will collect all information happening in their communities and report to the provincial networks who then continue to pass on this information to the national network. The operation unit will produce the newsletter, in which all information from the community, province, and national levels are included. The newsletters are distributed to all members in term of sharing information, and to all stakeholders in terms of advocacy. The community networks are equipped with photo camera and listening-radio, so that they could capture all relevant pictures and hear relevant information. The networks members are also trained on collecting information, writing reports, taking photographs. In addition to the two-way communication, the information resource centre is also organized, in which the website is developed and well updated of all information related to IP as well as CIYA issues. With this website, we expect that not only the members of CIYA, but also many others could hear from what is happening with CIYA and IP. The operation unit is trained on this skill in order to make it with quality and up to date.
In order to let CIYA members in the entire country meet with each others, and following the by-law, a congress is conducted every year. This congress provides opportunity to the members not only to meet and get to know each others, but also to share information, knowledge, culture, and experiences. It is also the time that the association discusses the achievement of its programs, impacts, challenges, and finds recommendation for the improvement. In after two year, a new president is also elected by this congress. The congress also provides an opportunity to the members to review the by-law, policy, and other association frameworks.
With the first year of the five year program strategy, CIYA aims to establish 32 community networks, and 8 provincial networks. These networks needs to be also strengthened with training, monitoring, and back stop from higher network level. The capacity building of these networks are conducted through their regular study circle and monitored by monthly meeting. The active members, who are from the national network, will go down to the provinces to strengthen the provincial network capacity and to monitor the community network function. The provincial network members go to the communities for building up the capacity as well as to prove back stop for the community network. These community and provincial networks are playing very important roles, on one hand, in making dialogue to integrate and share information and knowledge among the inside and outside the communities, and especially with regard to the lands and natural resources of the community and the government policies and legal frameworks. On the other hand, they also could make the habit of exchanging traditional knowledge from the elders to the young generation and the opinions of the new generation to the elders. With the encouragement and motivation for the effort of each network, a champion ship might be given to any networks that are evaluated by the operation unity as the best function. This championship is offered to the winner during the congress.
Finally, it is very much important that all activities of the program implementation are monitored and reviewed. CIYA has its own monitoring and evaluation mechanism to make sure that the program activities are well implemented and with gender mainstreaming. CIYA develop its own regular quarterly work plan and report, conducts its regular program implementation meeting, mid year work plan review, and annual work plan reflection. In particular, with the gender issues, CIYA prioritizes it as a cross cutting issue and needs to mainstream into each of its activity implementation, so all staff and members are trained on the gender issue, gender perspective, and gender mainstreaming. The gender expert is also invited to assist in monitoring whether all activities are well mainstreamed with gender issues. At the end of the year, an important workshop is conducted to reflect what has been done, impacts, challenges, good practices, and recommendation. This annual workshop is conducted in every year with full participation from provincial networks representatives, active members, and other relevant partners. As it is five year program, a mid term evaluation will be conducted to review this strategy and provide recommendation for the last three years implementation. And at the end of this five year program, a final evaluation will also be conducted in terms of revealing the impacts, lessons learnt, and recommendations to share to all members as well as the other relevant stakeholders.
2. Help to support indigenous youths both women and men with acquiring higher education as well as gaining useful, practical experience with partner organizations through internship placements
In this objective, there are three important outputs that CIYA needs to achieve which are the establishments of the IP Education Foundation (IPEF), support its members to get internship, and support its members to graduate university.
The IPEF is established in order to raise fund to support the education of the youth members. CIYA expect to have funds from its fund raising activities such as performance, making small business, communicate with other interested organizations or institutions, and collection from all charity peoples including who are working with IP issues. The CIYA members also share some contribution to this IPEF as well. With regard to the performance, CIYA will organize its performance team who can perform for raising fund. Each year, with support and cooperation from partners, CIYA will also organize an event of IP cultural performance to raise fund as well as to show up their culture and traditional arts. CIYA also will gather its member to make some small business to make income such as IP cultural Shops, IP Food Restaurants, and IP cultural Centre etc. CIYA hopes that within these five years, these initiatives could be made.
The basis of the internship program is to strengthen the work experiences for CIYA members before they enter and/or finish university. The members will spend at least one year with one or several organizations for their internship, so that they will be able to gain enough experiences and skills for their careers. CIYA will facilitate among their members to prioritize a list of organizations with available internship programs on offer. The operation unit will coordinate with other organizations and institutions to provide internship places for CIYA members. As many organizations are providing opportunities to youths especially to the indigenous youths who have little opportunity competing with the majority youths, we expected that they will provide CIYA good cooperation for this internship program.
As many youths who graduate from high school are unable to support themselves to continue on to university, CIYA offers scholarship opportunities for their continuation on to further education universities. In general, few organizations provide funding to support the indigenous youth on joining university in Phnom Penh. However, those were focused only for the youth who are coming only from mostly Mondulkiri province and few from Ratanakiri. To implement this activity, CIYA conduct a survey of finding statistic of IP students who are learning in high school every year
We will cooperate with various universities in order to obtain their scholarship program for the indigenous youth. With the introduction from the minister of education and Minister of Rural Development, CIYA staffs go around to meet with universities to ask for their support to its members to obtain the scholarship program from those universities. CIYA wants to help support the construction of a dormitory in Phnom Penh that would help provide support indigenous youths with their expenditure for their studies and board. We will gather all indigenous youths who got the scholarship from our program to live together in the dormitory.
3. Improve indigenous children’s access to education, boys and girls alike, and develop the standard of teaching facilities in the communities in the provinces.
Indigenous children have limited access to education in the provincial areas. The main cause of this issue is due to the lack of public schools and teachers in the provincial areas. Furthermore, children in the indigenous communities are also expected to help with their parents work and are therefore unable to complete the full school syllabus when they do have access to education.
CIYA would like to cooperate with the Ministry of Education and Provincial Departments of Education to help improve indigenous children’s ability to access education. Working together with the indigenous community and governmental departments, CIYA would like to provide support to the public schools in the provincial regions, to be able to work in the indigenous communities and also work with the parents to encourage their children to go to school regularly.
In regards to the development of primary education, CIYA will work with the communities to discuss the value of education, in order to encourage parents in the areas to send their children to the closest schools. Parallel to this, CIYA will work with the provincial department of education to help find opportunities to construct more schools needed in the region and recruit more teachers. With this program we will encourage the teachers to come regularly to the school by providing with support such as food, accommodation, and incentives on top of their government salaries. We will work with the communities’ to set up a committee that will help maintain cooperation between the teachers and parents to ensure the standard of the schools and classes are sustained The committee is the body in charge of managing the funds provided by our program with the facilitation from CIYA until they are able to work and support themselves independently. The parents will also contribute what they are able, to help support the schools such as foods, labors, materials, or whatever funds they feel can help in improving this access to education of their children. CIYA’s aim is to help build the capacities of the committee, so there is a sufficient base for the community to work together to help maintain the development of the schools in their areas.
In terms of increasing access to secondary schools, CIYA will build dormitories in the towns where the closest schools are located. These dormitories will enable children who are quite far removed from the secondary schools, to board during the week and attend school fully. CIYA will also provide some support grants to help the students purchase materials and foods and other necessary items needed. Transportation will also be supplied, allowing the students to travel home on the weekends..
CIYA will documents the practices of the indigenous people with regard to believes, cultures, rules, language, arts etc. All the documentation will be widely published and used to encourage pride amongst the indigenous youth of their identity..
CIYA also provide support, to its partners who are working directly with indigenous people, of the translation from indigenous language and Khmer and/or English.
4. Offer support to the indigenous communities dealing with challenges over land ownership and the management of natural resources used to sustain their livelihoods. Assistance provided will be based on the concerns voiced between the indigenous peoples during facilitated discussions where the participation of both genders will be promoted, in order to encourage community empowerment and solidarity.
In this objective, there are three outputs needs to be achieved – Indigenous self determination, cultural and social rights, and natural resources rights are well aware among indigenous communities, Indigenous culture and rights promoted and preserved /conserved by indigenous youth and elders, Cooperation and engagement with local authority and government institution to address indigenous peoples issues on land and natural resources increased.
CIYA will conduct the awareness rising for indigenous people on legal knowledge regarding their livelihoods, and international instruments including UNDRIP, ILO pro-169 etc, and their issues through the community dialogues and exchange visit. In this instruments the self determination, cultural and social rights, and natural resources rights are included. In addition, the national legal instruments related to lands and natural resources are highlighted with the reflection to those international instruments. To conduct these activities, CIYA needs to cooperate with some provincial IP organization partners such as OPKC, HA, and IRAM who help and assist CIYA to work in the communities. These organizations focal persons will be also trained by CIYA team on this knowledge, so that they are able to provide the extension of this knowledge to their target communities. Apart from the focus on the legal instrument, these organizations are the IP organizations, so CIYA as a national IP organization will keep a role of making a regular meeting among the IP organizations in order to reflect the IP situation and look for more cooperative improvement. This meeting also helps strengthen IP organizations to have ownership on working for IP themselves.
With regard to the output 2, CIYA will cooperate with IPNN to conduct some important events such as IP Day and IP Forum or other important events to raise the knowledge of the public, especially the government officials, policy and legal framework makers, on IP issues and cultures. These events are very much important and opportunities to also build up the capacity, solidarity, and the spirit of IP in term of preserve their identity, culture, livelihood, and believes. In these important events, the IP representatives in the whole country are mobilized to participate and contribute in showing their cultures and opinions related to what have been happening to them while the country is on the way of development. At the final of the event, statement and report are produced and published in order to advocate to the government and development partners. Apart from the organizing the event, in this output, CIYA cooperates with other national and international networks such as IPNN, AIPP, TEBTEBBA, APIYN, GIYA .etc. for advocacy to address IP and youths issues as national or global. The cooperation should be assistance and joint effort in organizing workshops, seminars, training, or issuing statements etc.
Related to output 3, CIYA will make dialogue between IP youths and elders with government and/or local authority to address the lands and natural resources of IP. With the existing community networks, the youths in the community are able to interact with the commune and district authorities in the process of the commune development planning as well as to address any lands and natural resources within their communities. Along the commune development plan process, the community youths will share their opinion and needs to be considered in the lists of the priority development plan of the commune council, and they also will convince the provincial developments partners to support their proposals at the district level. At the provincial and national levels, the youths will interact with the governors, line departments and ministries to address the lands and natural resources issues of the IP in the communities by meeting, negotiating, sending reports etc. In this output, CIYA also actively involves with the process of community organizations building such as forest community, community legal entity, and collective land registration which are mainly worked out by the partner organizations including ILO, OPKC, HA, .etc. ILO is the UN agency that is leading on work for communal land registration in Cambodia, and there are more organization partners working in this area. CIYA is in cooperation with these organizations which are in the process of helping communities in going forward with official land registration. Part of CIYA’s role is to work as the community facilitators, in order to help strengthen the capacity of the traditional authorities on the processes of formal land registration, so they are able to continue the process themselves.
5. Advocate for the recognition of indigenous people’s rights and the significance of their culture, through increasing public awareness and campaigning for further legislative support.
In this objective, there are two main outputs – documentation of traditional knowledge, culture and tradition of indigenous peoples and advocacy for promotion and recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights and culture.
Related to the output 1, CIYA will work out to document traditional arts, songs, music, language, knowledge, culture and traditions and shared among indigenous youth and elders and the public. In the target areas, CIYA will assist the community youth network to document these important things by providing them capacity building in writing and colleting information, and then compile as a handbook. To do this job with good quality, CIYA will work closely with the elders, who are the important resources as they know their cultures very well, via dialogue. With this documentation process, the youth will be able to learn a lot from their elders and able to continue to represent their community for the new generation in the future. The handbooks will be made and published to both public and community people in order to promote and raising the awareness of the IP cultures. Another important activity in this output, which is also contribute to the early activity, is that the youths in the community make regular dialogues with their elders. It would be weekly or biweekly dialogue. With this dialogue, the youths and the elders understand each others and could share all the knowledge, opinion, and other relevant information with each others. This dialogue also would help in strengthening the solidarity and build up the strong spirit of the community.
With regards to the output 2, CIYA expect to conduct a research to find out the IP statistics. So far, there was a national census on Cambodian population, but those did not categorize and give the information of the indigenous people and their situation. Most of the time we need information of indigenous people for the development of the strategies, we found that those information is lacked. We expect that this research result will give more information of the indigenous people population and situation to meet the needs of the developments organization and other relevant institutions including national and international, government and non-government. Whenever, the information of the indigenous people is comprehensively published, and the programs for developments of indigenous people have those information accurately, we expect that the implementation of the development strategies will meet with the real needs of the indigenous people who will contribute the poverty reduction in the country as well as to conserve the identities of the indigenous people and the nation. Apart from the research, CIYA also will engage with the government to address the upcoming issues of lands and natural resource disputes. The engagement is including the meeting, discussion, and negotiation with the government especially in the process of dispute resolution, state lands identification, and collective land registration .etc.
In the same output 2, CIYA will conduct a campaign to help raise public awareness on indigenous livelihoods in Cambodia and focusing particularly on the policies and legal frameworks that are in place or need to be considered by national policy makers, relating to indigenous culture and issues experienced that are affecting their livelihoods. This in turn, will help eradicate direct and indirect discrimination towards the indigenous people, throughout society and within national legislation. Foremost, it will help clarify any misconceptions that are prevalent amongst members of society, who have rarely been exposed to the diversity of indigenous communities their traditions and ways of life. Public awareness will be conducted through promotion via the media, conventional events, presentations, workshops and seminars to the public and distributing relevant materials. This will help to establish indigenous livelihoods and issues they are experiencing in the public eye. This event can also contribute to facilitating indigenous people forum to bring all indigenous people together for a countrywide meeting with the purpose of sharing information and experiences in advocating recognition of their rights from the government.
VII. Program Monitoring
To implement these five year program CIYA has two phase in which the phase one will be for two years and then the second phase will be the next three years, and before coming to the second phase an external evaluation will be conducted to make the program adapt to the needs of the youths and communities.
To monitor the activity as well as the program implementation, CIYA use quarter monitoring base in which our monitoring and evaluation tools including logical framework, timeframe, budget plan, regular monthly meeting, regular quarterly report, six month review meeting, yearly review workshop, mid term evaluation, and final program evaluation workshop. With these tools, we expect that we will be able to measure our success.
The six month review meeting, yearly view workshop, mid term, and final program evaluation will get all stakeholders and beneficiaries involved. As CIYA is a wide network, we will invite all focal person of our network from all levels and target community to participate and provide feedback. However, an external independent evaluation will be used to measure how far we have bounced and how success and failure we made and the recommendation for the improvement. We expect to use all information from this mechanism to measure our success. In addition, as CIYA is part of Indigenous People NGOs Network (IPNN), we will also be able to get information with regard to our program implementation via IPNN’s members.
VIII. Working relationship
CIYA closely cooperates with provincial NGOs and local authorities. The provincial NGOs provide support in kind of coordination with the local authorities and in community works such as participate in the dialogue and assistance when requested by the communities. As, many of CIYA’s members in the province are staff working in provincial NGOs, the provincial NGOs allows our members sometimes to work for CIYA’s missions. Particularly, in Ratanakiri province, Highlander Association has one project working with youth, Highlander Youth Program (HYP); CIYA thus will cooperate with its project to mobilize the youths working as a strong network through out the provincial level. We are working closely
with Organization to Promote Kouy Culture (OPKC) in Preh Vihear, My Village (MVI) in Steung Treng, Anakut Koma (AK) in Pursat, Indigenous Representative Active Members in Kampong Speu and Kratie, and Environment and Health Education (EHE) in Kampong Thom.
As CIYA is going to work directly with the communities, the commune councils are playing very important roles in supporting our dialogue activities. CIYA will engage with the commune councils to let the commune indigenous youth network interact in the process of the commune development plan and providing other support accordingly. CIYA might also coordinate with the district council to follow up their commune development plan to make sure that their community issues have been raised in the district integration workshop of development plan. At provincial level, CIYA might also coordinate with the governors or councils upon the real needs and situation required by the challenges of the communities that require the provincial authorities support.
At national level, CIYA is very closely cooperating with IPNN that includes many organizations working with indigenous people. CIYA is one of IPNN members, in which CIYA joins IPNN regular meeting to share information and resources in addressing the coming issues from the project implementation. Through IPNN, CIYA will interact with the government especially with Ministry of Land, Forestry Administration, Ministry of Mine, Ministry of Environment who are directly involved with the land and natural resources of indigenous people.
IX. Capacity Building Effort
The active members of CIYA or the national network is the one who is playing very important role to moderate the whole program of making dialogues with all other indigenous youth network, government, local authorities, and civil societies. Most of the active members are university students and employees in Phnom Penh. CIYA needs to build their capacity in both dialogue skills and knowledge of land and natural resources, environment, laws and legal procedures etc. To build their capacity, CIYA has conducted study circle for the active members every weekend. This circle studies have provided the opportunity for them to learn on making dialogues, facilitation, sharing relevant knowledge, information and experiences. The circle study also invites experienced people from organizations partners both national and international to share their knowledge and experiences, so that the active members are able to learn more on the best practices.
CIYA is very young organization and also run by young people, it thus requires capacity building to their staff including president, program and support staff in managing the association tasks. CIYA needs to hire an advisor to assist and support their staff in order to manage their jobs with quality. The advisor builds the capacity of CIYA staff by providing on-the job training and assistance as needed.
The participants proposed to be involved in this program will be all youths in the target villages with proximately 2,000 people. We expect this program is going to benefit the indigenous community people within 20 target villages in 8 provinces with approximately 24,000 people. All focal points of all networks about 300 people will play roles as facilitators in making dialogues within their network members. All 45 CIYA active members are playing important roles in this program as the dialogues facilitators.
The active members receive support from this program to build their capacity and knowledge on legal issues and lands and natural resource management as well as skills on facilitating dialogues. Through the circle study every weekend, the active members broaden their knowledge, and they use this knowledge to work with all youth networks to build their skills. The active members also interact with other stakeholders including government, civil societies, and students, so that they also can build their communication skill.
The network focal points will learn from the active members and share these knowledge, information, and experiences by making dialogues with their members. They also give feedback given by their dialogues with their network members to the active members in terms of consultation, sharing information or asking for support. These focal points also will
be working with their elders to first learn the traditional knowledge from them, and then to share the new knowledge, information, and experiences such as national and international instruments with regard to the indigenous people as well as the lands and natural resources management.
XI. Gender mainstreaming:
As the motivation of women participation in this program has been promoted, both male and female youths have equal rights in joining the network, especially in making decision among their network. Among focal persons of the IP youth network, we encourage to involve the same amount of women and men which 50%-50%. In addition to the equal number of female and male numbers in the groups, female member’s roles in the group also promoted to be as what male members have such as opportunities to attend the training and meeting with CIYA active members, free expression during the dialogues, and to speak on behalf of the networks. In addition, the youth network will also integrate gender issue during their dialogues. With a focus on this, all CIYA staff and members keep an eye on look for a matter of gender in all their activities implementation. With the report, gender matter must be highlighted to be the point for the discussion toward the improvement.
To be able in addressing the gender mainstreaming issues and to integrate gender perspective to the program implementation, all CIYA staff and members will be trained on this matter prior to the commencement of the program implementation. A professional person working in gender issue will be invited to train them and also to help in monitoring the gender issues in the program implementation. This gender trainer and CIYA management will be in touch and cooperation for addressing the issue of gender mainstreaming when it occurs during the implementation.
In line with the objectives, the proposed activities are helping to secure development commitments on a global scale. First, indigenous youths working towards strengthening indigenous youths in the communities to participate with their elders in the communities management including land and natural resource management and conflict resolution. This would help them to be able to gathering all communities’ forces for the protection of their land and natural resources which are the key elements for the indigenous people livelihood. This is also to help them to determine their own futures which create the necessary preconditions to alleviate poverty in their areas, relating to ‘eradicating extreme poverty and hunger’ (MDG 1).
Whenever the youths are strong after their participation in their community management, they will become the strong future of the indigenous communities that lead a sustainable development in the communities.
With regard to CIYA itself, through the implementation of this five year program, it becomes much stronger in their bureaucracy, programs, and financial management. It also helps build reputation to other interested development partners who might cooperate and support CIYA for longer time. In addition, CIYA members are entirely expanded and full with skill, knowledge, and experiences, they therefore might be able to contribute their support both in kind and ideas to strengthen CIYA for a sustainable organization. This point is very important, because CIYA is the representative of the indigenous youths and are built and created by its members, it thus might be strong and sustainable whenever their members are strong.
XIII. Sharing success
On one hand, CIYA is one the IPNN member, we expect to share our success with all stakeholders at the national level. On the other hand, as CIYA has its members working in different NGOs at provincial level, we also expect to share the success to the provincial NGOs via the members. However, with our monitoring and evaluation tool of yearly review workshops and final project evaluation, we also expect that we can share the success via these workshops.
After the final evaluation finishes, a workshop will be conducted to share all lessons learnt including success, failure, and resolution to all the stakeholders including civil societies and local authorities. The annual report and evaluation report will also widely be published, so that all people who are interested to know or learn from our experiences will be able to access easily.
XIV. Annex of Logical Framework
|Outputs||Indicators||Means of Verification||Risks||Remark|
|Objective 1: Develop a strong network of Indigenous Youths throughout Phnom Penh and the Provincial areas, to help enable them to support each other, build their capacities and work collectively in their communities|
|Output 1.1CIYA operation unit is strengthened to support the youth networks
|Regular management , staff, and active member meeting conducted||Meeting minutes||Failed in fund raising|
|Operational manual including human resources, admin and financial procedures implemented||Report of auditor|
|Fund available for program||Agreements with donors/partners signed|
|Regular BOD meeting conducted||BOD meeting minutes|
|Staff and member capacity building and performance evaluation conducted||Performance sheets, and training reports|
|Output 1.2Information and knowledge among members shared via dialogue and media||CIYA member IT-network group and website established and regular updated||CIYA website||Fund raising fail or government disapproval to the request|
|Library with computers, internets, reading books established in Operation Unit Office||Library and network line|
|Regular reporting from community and provincial to the national youth network to include in the newsletter and tools for advocacy and documented.||network reports|
|Regular newsletters produced and distributed to all members, other relevant organizations, and advocate to government||Newsletters|
|Output 1.3Special events for all members meeting organized and conducted||General assembly and member retreat conducted every year as scheduled||M&E Reports||No permission or cooperation from government|
|Output 1.4Existing youth networks strengthened and new networks expanded (1 national, 8 provincial, 32 communities)||New 3 other provincial and 20 community youth network established, supported, functioned, and monitored||Evaluation report,|
|Regular circle study and meeting conducted in all youth networks including national, provincial, and communities||study circle and meeting minutes|
|Regular work plan and report of all youth network produced, submitted to the operation unit, and then implemented||work plan and reports|
|Award program of the the best performing youth network||Award winners,|
|Output 1.5: All activities implementation including gender mainstreaming are regularly follow up and monitored||Staff and organization regular work plan and report produced and submitted and regularly monitored||staff and organization work plans and reports|
|Mid year work plan review and annual workshop to review action plan and evaluate the activity implementation conducted||M&E Reports|
|Two year program evaluation conducted to follow up and review impacts and seek for improvement||M&E Reports|
|All CIYA activities are follow up and make sure by the program implementers that gender perspective are introduced and integrated||M&E Reports|
|Objective 2: Help to support indigenous youths both women and men with acquiring higher education as well as gaining useful, practical experience with partner organizations through internship placements|
|Output 2.1Indigenous Peoples Education Foundation (IPEF) established||Fund raising program including charity collection campaign in the public events and/or to individuals conducted||M&E reports,|
|Request funding to interested partners/donors submitted||M&E reports|
|Small business for IP youth to make income for their education|
|Output 2.2Indigenous youth are working and educating with various organization upon their choice||Vocational training and life skills for indigenous youth provided||M&E reports||No partner interested to accept internships|
|Jobs and internship for CIYA members provided||M&E reports|
|Output 2.3Indigenous youths graduated university upon their choice||Awareness raising and advocating on the value of education among indigenous youths conducted||M&E reports||No indigenous youth graduated high schools|
|Statistic on the youth/students at high school and University conducted||Report|
|Scholarship seeking for members through partners and government education institution conducted||M&E reports|
|Dormitories, foods, and study materials supports available for indigenous youths||M&E reports and inventory list|
|Objective 3: Improve indigenous children’s access to education, boys and girls alike, and develop the standard of teaching facilities in the communities in the provinces.|
|Output 3.1Indigenous children and youths in the communities supported for their education||Ministry and provincial department of education is lobbied to construct the community school or provide teachers||M&E reportVillagers verbal reports||Hunger and/or natural crisis occurred in the target villages|
|Parents in the community are encouraged to construct the schools, send their children, and support the community schools||M&E reportVillagers verbal reports|
|Output 3.2The traditional knowledge of IP is transferred from parents to children||Parent association and children clubs in the community established to learnt the culture, language, believes, and traditional arts||M&E reportSchool reports
Villagers verbal reports
|No children graduated primary schools|
|Objective 4: Offer support to the indigenous communities dealing with challenges over land ownership and the management of natural resources used to sustain their livelihoods. Assistance provided will be based on the concerns voiced between the indigenous peoples during facilitated discussions where the participation of both genders will be promoted, in order to encourage community empowerment and solidarity.|
|Output 4.1Indigenous self determination, cultural and social rights, and natural resources rights are well aware among indigenous communities||Awareness raising of UNDRIP, PRO 169, C 111, ILO 107, CBDs, and laws related to land and natural resources and international regulation concerning indigenous peoples conducted in the indigenous communities by community dialogue and training (exchange visit)||M&E reportsMidterm and final evaluation report||Existing of policy or legislations against this||We conduct this activity through our provincial networks|
|IP organizations in Cambodia (HA, CIYA, OPKC, and IRAM) met to reflect about IP situation and look for cooperation improvement||Meeting and agreement report|
|Output 4.2Indigenous culture and rights promoted and preserved /conserved by indigenous youth and elders||Public events related to indigenous culture and rights are organized to raise awareness of indigenous culture and issues among public and especially government officials, policy and legal framework makers||Event reportsM&E reports||No permission and/or cooperation from the governmental local authorities|
|Joint efforts with local, national, regional and international advocacy networks including IPNN, AIPP, TEBTEBBA, APYIN, GIYA, etc. to promote and address youths and indigenous peoples’ rights made||Network meeting minutes/reports,M&E report|
|Output 4.3Cooperation and engagement with local authority and government institution to address indigenous peoples issues on land and natural resources increased||Dialogue between IP youth and elders with government and/or local authority made to address the land and natural resources of IP||M&E reportsDialogue reports||No cooperation and participation from communities and government agencies|
|The process of forest community, community legal entity and their collective land registration is participated and learnt by IP youths||M&E reports|
|Objective 5: Advocate for the recognition of indigenous people’s rights and the significance of their culture, through increasing public awareness and campaigning for further legislative support.|
|Output 5.1Traditional knowledge, culture and tradition of indigenous peoples are documented||Traditional arts, songs, music, language, knowledge, culture and traditions documented and shared among indigenous youth and elders and the public||M&E reportDocumentation publication||No one remember traditional arts, songs, music, language, knowledge, culture|
|Dialogue among IP youths and elders on knowledge, culture and traditions to promote their participation in cultural conservation and community solidarity organized.||M&E report|
|Output 5.2 Promotion and recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights and culture advocated and raised||Statistic of IP in the country is conducted to be the tool for the advocacy.||Research reportM&E report||Government refuses cooperation|
|Engagement with government to address indigenous peoples issues through collaboration and cooperation on land and natural resources’ issues.||M&E report|
|Presentation of IP culture to university student and public conducted with university and public event.||M&E report|